Nigerian Domestic Airlines Facing Demand Dilemma: How Ticket Price Increases Could Lead to a Notable Drop in Demand for Airline Flight Tickets

by | Dec 1, 2023 | 0 comments

How Ticket Price Increases Could Lead to a Notable Drop in Demand for Airline Flight Tickets

As the festive season approaches, the Nigerian domestic airline industry finds itself at a crossroads, with expectations of increased demand for airline tickets during December and Christmas holidays being challenged by shifting dynamics. Contrary to the anticipated surge in demand attributed to the inelastic nature of airline ticket demand due to insecurity and kidnappings on the roads, domestic airlines are bracing for a significant drop in ticket sales. This unexpected trend is attributed to credible alternatives emerging in the form of improved road security and the impact of decreased disposable income on travel decisions.

Changing Dynamics of Demand

Traditionally, the demand for airline tickets during holiday seasons has been considered inelastic recently particularly due to increased insecurity on major Nigerian roads, as travelers were willing to pay higher prices for the convenience and speed of air travel. However, recent developments in Nigeria suggest a departure from this trend thanks to the president and the security agencies whose efforts in tackling security and kidnappings had yielded significant result. The once assumed inelastic demand is facing challenges due to notable improvements in the security situation on Nigerian roads. Travelers now perceive road transportation as a credible and secure alternative, eroding the monopoly that air travel once held during peak holiday periods.

Factor Contributing to the Potential Decline in Demand for Airline Tickets

Economic Realities and Travel Decisions:

A critical factor contributing to the potential decline in demand for airline tickets is the impact of decreased disposable income. The economic landscape, influenced by various factors, has left many travelers reevaluating their holiday plans. Flying, once considered a luxury, is now facing competition from more cost-effective alternatives such as road transportation. This shift in consumer behavior underscores the importance of understanding the elasticity of demand in the airline industry.

The Luxury of Flying:

With the economic uncertainties and increased awareness of viable alternatives, many travelers may opt to forego the luxury of flying this December. While airlines have historically relied on the assumption of inelastic demand during peak travel seasons, this year challenges the status quo. As passengers weigh the cost of airline tickets against the practicality of road travel, airlines must adapt their strategies to remain competitive.

Ticket Price Increases and Potential Consequences:

In response to operational costs and economic challenges, airlines may be tempted to increase ticket prices. However, this move could prove counterproductive. Instead of capitalizing on the perceived inelasticity of demand during the holiday season, airlines may find themselves in a delicate situation where higher prices lead to a notable drop in ticket sales.

Strategic Considerations for Airlines:

As Nigerian domestic airlines navigate this unexpected demand dilemma, strategic considerations become paramount. Rather than assuming an unyielding demand, airlines must recognize the evolving landscape and adopt flexible pricing strategies. Balancing profitability with consumer expectations is crucial, as any misstep in pricing decisions could lead to a further decline in demand.


The anticipated increase in demand for domestic airline tickets during the December and Christmas holiday seasons in Nigeria faces unprecedented challenges. The inelastic nature of airline ticket demand is being tested by the emergence of credible alternatives and economic realities. As Nigerian domestic airlines grapple with this shifting paradigm, understanding the delicate balance between ticket prices and consumer behavior becomes essential. Navigating this demand dilemma requires agility, strategic thinking, and a nuanced approach to pricing that aligns with both economic constraints and the evolving preferences of the Nigerian traveler.

About the Author

Shadrach Swante Kambai

Flight Operations Consultant, Aviation Data Analyst, Business Developer (

Learn more on this topic

Related Blog Posts

Join in the conversation

Leave a Comment


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *